Historic Sites in Fredericksburg, Virginia

Battle of FredericksburgFredericksburg, VA is an extremely popular destination for tourists. This is mainly attributed to its rich culture and history. The town which was founded by colonialists is also home to the famous Battle of Fredericksburg, VA which occurred in 1862 during the Civil War. The combination of its colonial roots and Civil War roots has made Fredericksburg a popular tourist destination that attracts around 1.5 million visitors every year. If you are looking to visit Fredericksburg shortly, you should check out the following historical sites:

  1. Chancellorsville Battlefield.

This famous site is where General Robert E. Lee and Jackson led their troops to victory against the Union Army between April 27 and May 6 186, pushing their opponents back across the Rappahannock River. During this famous war, General Jackson who is also infamously referred to as the “Stonewall” was mistakenly wounded and killed by his own troops. The site consists of the Chancellorsville Visitor Center where exhibitions of the aftermath of battle are shown.

Additionally, the Center also shows a short film of about 20 minutes explaining how the battle occurred. Outside this site, you have the option of visiting the monument that marks the approximate area where the opponent army General Jackson was wounded during the May 2nd battle. Furthermore, tourists can also venture further to the Jackson Trail, which is a route depicting how General Jackson led his troop to the battle. This site is open daily from 9 to 5 except on major holidays such as New Years Day, Christmas and Thanksgiving.

  1. Chatham Plantation and House.

This famous Chatham House is considered one of the most beautiful houses in Fredericksburg and the US at large. Overlooking the Rappahannock River, the Chatham House is an eighteenth-century plantation that was created over two centuries ago by William Fitzhugh and has great architectural views as well as a beautiful garden.

Its historical charm is based on the fact that the Union Army used it as a hospital during the famous Battle of Fredericksburg. During the Civil War, most of its property was looted but this was restored and the house transformed into a private residence. In 1975, Chatham House was given to the National Park Service which has used it to display its historical charms and show films that describe its history.

  1. Fredericksburg Battlefield and Visitor Center.

This historical site represents the scene of the famous battle which is considered the deadliest of all Civil War battles. Between December 11 and December 13, 1862, General Ambrose Burnside of the Union Army led his troops in a bruising battle against General Robert Lee of the Confederate Army. General Lee’s men defeated the Union Army, killing 13,300 troops. If you visit the Fredericksburg Battlefield, you should first go to the Visitor Center where you will see exhibitions from the war as well as a short film explaining the events that took place during the famous battle. You can then proceed to the Sunken Road where the heaviest fighting took place and also visit the national cemetery where the soldiers who died in the battle were buried.

  1. Fredericksburg/ Spotsylvania Military National Park.

Fredericksburg and SpotsylvaniaThis Park is open throughout the year except on major public holidays, and it can help you learn more about the four main battles that were fought in Fredericksburg during the Civil War. This site has many historians who give guided tours for visitors that seek more information on the Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness and the Spotsylvania Court House Battlefields. You can get audio-visual presentations as well as museum exhibitions that explain the occurrences in the four battlefields.

  1. Fredericksburg Area Museum and Cultural Center.

If you want to learn more about the historical facts of Fredericksburg and Virginia as a whole, this touristic site is the place to visit. The site, which is based in the historical town hall or market house and the Planters National Bank Building of 1972, has seven exhibition areas as well as three changing galleries where historical exhibits of Virginia ae displayed. From the history of the Virginia Indians to the colonial era and the civil war, this site is a gem for history lovers. You can also lean about the evolutionary War, World Wars I and II as well as African-American history and slavery.

Overall, these five touristic sites will provide any visitor with a rich historical perspective of America especially with regards to colonialism, Civil War, and civil rights. Additionally, tourists who are keen on historical buildings will enjoy the unique architecture of Fredricksburg buildings.